References and Links to Additional Information:


Aleinikoff, J. N., Zartman, R. E., Rankin, D. W., and Burton, W. C., 1995, U-Pb ages of metarhyolites of the Catoctin and Mt. Rogers Formations, central and south Appalachians: Evidence of two pulses of Iapetan rifting: American Journal of Science, v. 295, p. 428-454.

Adams, M. G., Stewart, K. G., Trupe, C., and Willard, R. A., 1995, Tectonic significance of high-pressure metamorphic rocks and dextral strike-slip faulting along the Taconic suture, in J. P. Hibbard, C. R. van Stall, and P. A. Cawood, eds., Current Perspecitves in the Appalachian-Caledonian Orogen, Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 41, p. 21-42.

Adams M. G., and Trupe, C. H., 1997, Conditions and timing of metamorphism in the Blue Ridge thrust complex, northwestern North Carolina and eastern Tennessee in Stewart, K. G., Adams, M. G., and Trupe, C. H., eds., Paleozoic Structure, Metamorphism, and the Tectonics of the Blue Ridge of Western North Carolina Geological Society 1997 Field Trip Guidebook, p. 33-47.

Abbott, R.N. Jr., and Raymond, L.A., 1984, The Ashe Metamorphic Suite, northwest North Carolina: Metamorphism and observations on geologic history: American Journal of Science, v. 284, p. 350-375.

Bream, B. R., Hatcher, R. D., Jr., Miller, C. F., and Fullagar, P. D., 2004, Detrital zircon ages and Nd isotopic data from the southern Appalachian crystalline core, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Tennessee: New provenance constraints for part of the Laurentian margin, in Tollo, R. P., Corriveau, L., McLelland, J. M., and Bartholomew, M. J., eds., Protoerozoic tectonic evolution of the Grenville orogen in North America: Geological Society of America Memoir 197, p. 459-476.

Brown, Henry, S., 1962, Geology of the Elk Knob copper deposit and vicinity, Watauga County, North Carolina: Southeastern Geology, v. 3, Issue 4, p. 231-249.

Goldberg, S. A., Butler, J. R,, and Fullagar, P. D., 1986, The Bakersville dike swarm: Geochronology and petrogenesis of late Proterozoic basaltic magmatism in the southern Appalachian Blue Ridge: American Journal of Science, v. 286, p. 403-430.

Hatcher, R. D., Jr., Merschat, A. J., and Raymond, L. A., 2006, GEOTRAVERSE: Geology of northeastern Tennessee and the Grandfather Mountain region, in Labotka, T. C., and Hatcher, R. D., Jr., eds., Geological Society of America Southeastern Section Guidebook, p. 129-194.

Misra, K.C., and Conte, J.A., 1991, Amphibolites of the Ashe and Alligator Back formations, North Carolina: Samples of late Proterozoic-early Paleozoic oceanic crust: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 103, p. 737-750.

Page, F. Z., Essene, E. J., and Mukasa, S. B., 2003, Prograde and retrograde history of eclogites from the Eastern Blue Ridge, North Carolian, USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology, v. 21, p. 685-698.

Rankin, D.W., Espenshade, G.H., and Neuman, R.B., 1972, Geologic map of the west half of the Winston-Salem quadrangle, North Carolina, Virginia, and Tennessee: U.S. Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-709-A, scale 1:250000. View Map

Raymond L. A., and Abbott, R. N., 1997, Petrology and tectonic significance of ultramafic rocks near the Grandfather Mountain Window in the Blue Ridge belt, Toe Terrane, western Piedmont zone, North Carolina in Stewart, K. G., Adams, M. G., and Trupe, C. H., eds., Paleozoic Structure, Metamorphism, and the Tectonics of the Blue Ridge of Western North Carolina Geological Society 1997 Field Trip Guidebook, p. 87-101.

Raymond L. A., Swanson, S. E., Allan, J. F., and Love, A. B., 2003a, Cr-Spinel compositions, metadunite petrology, and petrotectonic history of the Blue Ridge ophiolites, southern Appalachian Orogen, USA, in Dilek, Y., and Bobinson, P. T., eds., Ophiolites in Earth History, Geological Society Special Publications 218, p. 253-277.

Raymond L. A., Love, A. B., Swanson, S. E., 2003b, Challenges presented by the Ashe Metamorphic Suite for reconstructing the tectonic history of the western North Carolina section of the Southern Appalachian Orogen: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Program, v. 35, p. 20.

Swanson S. E., Raymond, L.A., Warner, R. D., Ryan, J., Yurkovich, S., and Petersen, V., 2005; Petrotectonics of mafic and ultramafic rocks in the Blue Ridge terranes of western North Carolina and northern Georgia, in Hatcher, R. D. Jr., and Merschat, A. J., eds., Blue Ridge Geology Geotraverse East of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Western North Carolina. Carolina Geological Society 2005 Field Trip Guidebook, p. 73-90.

Swanson and Raymond, 2010, Petrogenesis of Chromite in Metaultramafic Rocks of the Spruce Pine Area, North Carolina: Southeastern Geology, v. 47, no. 3, p. 147-172.

Scotese, C. R., PALEOMAP project accessed on the World Wide Web 09/09/2010 @

Wilson, C.G., and Raymond, L. A., 2011, NEW PERSPECTIVES ON THE PETROLOGY AND STRUCTURE AT ELK KNOB STATE PARK, NORTH CAROLINA, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 43, No. 2, p. 67.

Willard R. A., and Adams, M. G., 1994, Newly discovered eclogite in the southern Appalchian orogen, northwestern North Carolina: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 123, p. 61-70.